The 20 Worst Polluted Places in Bristol

The 20 worst polluted places in Bristol 2017

 

The 20 worst polluted places in Bristol 2017

 

NO2 µg/m3
(2017 annual average)
 
% above legal limit

 

1 Parson St. A38 East 67 67%
2 Ashley Road St. Pauls 65 63%
3 Colston Avenue (The Centre) 63 58%
4 Anchor Road 62 54%
5 Newfoundland Way 61 53%
6 Bedminster Down Rd (Ashton Motors / Plough PH) 58 46%
7 Galleries 57 41%
8 Parson Street Bedminster Down Road 56 40%
9 York Road 56 40%
10 Top of Brislington Hill 54 35%
11 Three Lamps 53 32%
12 Stokes Croft 52 31%
13 Stapleton Road Heath Street (M32) 52 31%
14 Merchants Road Hotwells 52 30%
15 Bath Road (Arnos Vale) 52 29%
16 Parson St (Bristol Scuba) 51 28%
17 Whitehall Rd / Easton Rd 50 26%
18 Victoria Street 50 25%
19 Horsefair 49 23%
20 Gloucester Road (Bishopston Library) 49 23%

[Source: Hotwells and Clifton Wood Clean Air Group]

The cancelled Bristol arena is costing the city £12m

The cancelled Bristol arena that is not being built is costing the city £12m.

The 2019/20 Budget shows that money has been found from reserves to cover the costs. Ordinarily, the costs would have been funded from the capital stream of the budget; the part that deals with capital costs for things such as buildings and investments. The revenue stream deals with costs like libraries, and cuts, like those to libraries.

In the Resources Scrutiny Commission report we have the following comments. There is no mention of costs incurred due to the arena in this year’s budget:
8. Arena Funding

Members wanted to understand what the revenue impact of not going ahead with the arena at Arena Island was and to know what the interest savings were. Officers confirmed that £2.5
million per year is being saved.

 Members were keen to understand more about the differing land values for the site
depending on the eventual use but were told it would be valued at the time depending on
the scheme. Members were surprised that such calculations had not already been carried
out by officers utilising the various different possibilities for the land use.

 Members requested to receive further information in due course about the alternative
business cases that will be submitted to the LEP Board for the now unused £53 million.

In the Resources Scrutiny Committee Report, (p.14) however, there is the following chart that shows £12m of arena costs have reverted to the Revenue budget because they can no longer be treated as capital.

The Revenue budget is explained by the council as follows: ”

Before the start of each financial year, we need to set a budget for our day-to-day expenditure. This is called the Revenue Budget and is the amount of money we’ll need to provide our services during the year, taking into account grants we receive from the Government. Examples include staff salaries, building maintenance and the costs of running council vehicles.”

It is from this budget that the £12m was paid, the one that impacts staff salaries. The council drew money from reserves to meet this cost.

We know that from 2020 onwards, we are on our own and almost all our funding from central government will have gone – meaning the city’s services will be almost entirely dependent on council tax, business rates and income we can raise from other sources. By this time, responsibility for funding key services will have effectively shifted from central government to local tax payers.

We know, as the budget tells us, that by next year, there will be no central grant left and it will be local tax payers who will be funding key services. This is no time for spending Bristol’s money on projects that are not being built. It is also not the time to be losing £53m of funding that would have gone into the arena from the LEP.

All Budget reports can be found at the following page with all the reports and appendices.

Marvin Rees blames NHS for air pollution deaths in response to doctor’s petition

An excellent post by PsychoPolitico on aggressive behaviour by the mayor of Bristol.

PsychoPolitico

Anyone who follows the trials and tribulations of Bristol’s local politics is already familiar with the Mayor’s hostility towards questioning, and inability to tolerate any form of criticism.

As a case in point, Marvin was so prickled by a petition about air pollution at Full Council this week that he managed to attack the NHS itself for causing deaths from air pollution.

The lead petitioner, a doctor, asked on behalf of 70 health professionals:

“We would like to know how the inaction on cleaning up our air is justified, and what equalities focused measures the Mayor is considering alongside the clean air zone to mitigate its costs for those who can least afford them, are contributing the least to the problem, and who are suffering the most”.

After some condescending deflection, and a mandatory ramble about Labour’s green credentials [sic], Marvin responded in fairly typical Marvin style by going on…

View original post 382 more words

Bristol City Councillor attendance and absence

On the 24th of October, I queried councillor attendance at meetings they were expected to attend. The data is at the following link and I have queried from the beginning of 2015 until October.
Only currently active councillors have any data attached to them.

New book by Darren Allen, 33 Myths of the System


The cover looks as if the ground and nature have opened up and slowly produced a book out of the leaves and petals and stamen and poetry. If Walt Whitman had drawn Leaves of Grass, I imagine it would look like Darren Allen’s cover to the 33 Myths of the System. Maybe without the pause button.

The content is offered as freely as nature offers her creations; to be delighted in or stomped on, you choose.

 

What Allen says:

A brief guide to the Unworld

As civilisation reaches endgame and begins to disintegrate, as the illusions of left and right coalesce into a single, spectacular omnimyth, as every rootless mind begins to directly experience the stupefying dystopias of Orwell, Huxley, Kafka and Dick, the time has come to understand the whole system, from root to fruit.

Drawing on the entire history of radical thought, while seeking to plumb their common depths, 33 Myths of the System, presents a synthesis of independent criticism, a straightforward exposure of the justifications of the world-system, along with a new way to perceive and understand the unhappy supermind that directs, penetrates and even lives our lives.

33 Myths of the System confronts the fabrications of both capitalism and socialism, both left and right, both theism and atheism. As such it may be, for some, a challenging read. But if you are willing to face not just the world out there, but the anxieties and desires in here which sustain it, 33 Myths of the System — together with its companion 33 Myths of the Ego — will be a liberating read.

33 Myths of the System is now available from the following link: http://expressiveegg.org/portfolio/33-myths-of-the-system/

Advent crochet blanket – 24 days of crochet patterns

Advent Crochet Blanket

[Dec 2, Update: Day one picture, hook size, yarn; Day two pattern and picture; Day three; Day four; Day five; Day six]

With no Advent Calendar of my own to keep me busy, I thought I’d post on 24 days of crocheting. A couple of years ago I wrote up 24 patterns but haven’t put it together well enough to publish as an actual pattern so I thought I’d post here. I’ll update this post daily for the 24 days of Advent.

Day 1 — Crochet candy cane square

Wool or a non-stretchy cotton/linen/bamboo DK. The bigger the yarn, the bigger the blanket.

Hook 4.5mm.

Dc = Double Crochet
Sk = Skip
Sl St = Slip Stitch
Sp/Sps = Space/Spaces
St/Sts = Stitch/Stitches
Chain 20 loosely.
Row 1: Dc in fourth ch from hook and in each ch across. (18 dc)
Row 2: Ch 3 (counts as first dc, now and throughout), turn; dc in next 17 sts. (18 dc)
Row 3: Ch 3, turn; dc in next 5 sts, ch 2, skip next 2 sts, dc in next 10 sts. (16 dc)
Row 4: Ch 3, turn; dc in next 8 sts, ch 2, skip next st, dc in ch-2 sp, dc in last 6 sts. (16 dc)
Row 5: Ch 3, turn; dc in next 6 sts, dc in ch-2 sp, ch 2, sk next st, dc in last 8 sts. (16 dc)
Row 6: Ch 3, turn; dc in next 6 sts, ch 2, skip next st, dc in ch-2 sp, dc in last 8 sts. (16 dc)
Row 7: Ch 3, turn; dc in next 8 sts, dc in ch-2 sp, ch 2, sk next st, dc in last 6 sts. (16 dc)
Row 8: Ch 3, turn; dc in next 4 sts, ch 2, sk 2 sts, dc in next 4 sts, ch 2, sk 1 st, dc in last 5 sts. (14 dc)
Row 9: Ch 3, turn; dc in next 4 sts, dc in ch-2 sp, ch 2, sk next st, dc in next 3 sts, ch 2, sk ch-2 sp, dc in last 5 sts. (14 dc)
Row 10: Ch 3, turn; dc in next 4 sts, dc in ch-2 sp, ch 2, sk next st, dc in next st, ch 2, sk next st, dc in ch-2 sp, dc in last 6 sts. (14 dc)
Row 11: Ch 3, turn; dc in next 6 sts, 2 dc in ch-2 sp, dc in next st, 2 dc in ch-2 sp, dc in last 6 sts. (18 dc)
Row 12: Ch 3, turn; dc in next 17 sts. Finish off. (18 dc)

 

Day One pattern, candy cane

 Day 2: Classic Granny Square

TR – triple

CH – chain

Chain 5. Join with a slip stitch.
Round 1: Ch 3 – counts as first triple (TR); Make 2 TR into the ring; (Ch 3, 3 triples into ring) times 3; Ch 3 and join to first triple with slip stitch;
Round 2: turn; Ch 3 — into the 3-chain space, make 2 TR into the same space; chain 3; 3 TR into the same 3-chain space;
Ch 1, 3 TR into the next 3-chain space, Ch 3, 3 TR stitches in the same 3-chain space;
Ch 1, 3 TR stitches into the same chain space, ch 3, 3 TR.
Ch 1, 3 TR, ch 3, 3 TR, join to the first “ch 3”;

Round 3: turn; Ch 3 — into the 3-chain space, make 2 TR into the same space; ch 1; 3 TR into the next 3-ch space [a corner]; Ch 3, 3 TR; ch 1; 3 TR into the next 3-chain space [non-corner];
continue by crocheting 3 TR – ch 3 – 3 TR in the corners, 1 TR in the chain spaces that are not corners.
When you are at the first chain space of this round: 3 TR, ch 3, join to the first ch 3.

Continue with the rounds until you have added enough to your granny square to make it the same size as the Day 1 square.

 

Day two pattern, Granny Square

Day 3: Crochet Square – through the back loop

Chain 20;
Note: Crochet each triple (TR) through the back loop.
Round 1: Ch 3 – counts as first TR; TR into each of the chains. Turn.
Repeat Round 1 twelve times or until it is the same size as the squares from the previous days.
Optional: slip st through each st to finish off.

Day three, triples through the back loop.

Day 4 – solid granny square

Ch – chain
TR – triple
Sl st – slip stitch
Ch 4, then join with a sl st to form a ring.
Round 1: Ch 5 (counts as first TR and ch-2)
Work 3 TRs into the ring, ch 2 (1st TR-group)
Work 3 TRs into the ring, ch 2 (2nd TR-group)
Work 3 TRs into the ring, ch 2 (3rd TR-group),
Work 2 TRs into the ring, insert hook into 3rd chain of the initial ch-5 and sl st to close the round.
Turn it around and tug firmly at the yarn to tighten it up.
Round 2: You should have 4 lots of TR-groups. And four ch-2 corner spaces.
Insert your hook into the corner space directly to the left of where you just finished round 1. Yarn over and work a slip stitch.
Ch 5 (counts as 1 TR plus ch-2 space)
Work 2 TRs into the corner space.
Work 1 TR into the top of the first st after the corner space.
Then work 1 TR into each of next 2 sts. Your first side is done.
Into the next corner space, work the following, 2 TR, ch-2, 2 TR.
Work 1 TR into each of the next 3 sts, then (2 TR, ch-2, 2 TR) into the next corner space. That’s your second side and corner group made.
Work 1 TR into each of the next 3 sts, then (2 TR ch-2, 2 TR) into the next corner space.
Work 1 TR into each of the next 3 sts and that completes your fourth side.
Work 1 TR back into the very first corner space (it should sit right next to the ch-5 that you made in the beginning).
Make a slip stitch into the third stitch of the first chain-5.
Round 3:
Insert your hook into the corner space directly to the left of where you just finished round 2.
Yarn over and work a slip stitch.
Chain 5.
Work 2 TR into the corner space.
Work 1 TR into that first stitch, then 1 TR into each of the next 6 stitches.
Into the next corner space, work (2 TR, ch-2, 2 TR).
Work 1 TR into each of the next 7 stitches,then (2 TR, ch-2, 2 TR) into the next corner space.
Work 1 TR into each of the next 7 stitches, then (2 TR, ch-2, 2 TR) into the next corner space.
Work 1 TR into each of the next 7 stitches, then 1 TR back into the first corner space so that it sits right beside the chain-5 you made at the start.
Sl st into the 3rd chain of the beginning chain-5 to close the round.
Your Solid Granny Square is now done.

 

Day 5: Mitered Square

Chain 30 or 40 for a bigger square.
Round 1: Use the back loops only, DC in each st.
Round 2: Chain 2, DC each stitch using the back loops, and skip the two middle stitches.
Repeat round 2, and keep decreasing in the middle.
Once you get to the last three stitches, draw up a loop in each of the three stitches and pull it through all four loops to finish.

Day 6: c2c square

TR is UK terminology; for US, use DC.
Chain 6.
Row 1 (Right Side): TR in 4th ch from hook and in next 2 ch; turn – 1 block made.
Row 2: Ch 6, TR in 4th ch from hook and in next 2 ch, (slip st, ch 3, 3 TR) all in ch-3 space of previous row; turn – 2 blocks made.
Row 3: Ch 6, TR in 4th ch from hook and in next 2 ch, [(slip st, ch 3, 3 TR) all in next ch-3 space of previous
row] twice; turn – 3 blocks made.
Row 4: Ch 6, TR in 4th ch from hook and in next 2 ch, [(slip st, ch 3, 3 TR) all in next ch-3 space of previous row] 3 times; turn – 4 blocks made.

So far, the rows have been increasing the amount of blocks. It’s now time to reduce them in order to make a square shape.

Row 5: Slip st across first 3 TR, * (slip st, ch 3, 3 TR) all in next ch-3 space of previous row; repeat from * to last ch-3 space; slip st in last space; turn, do NOT make a block in last space.

Repeat Row 5 until you have a square.

Day Seven: Peephole Chevron Stitch

Chain 22 (multiple of 10 sts + 2)
Row 1: Skip 2 chains (count as 1tr), 1tr into each of next 4 chains, *skip 2 chains, 1 tr into each of next 4 chains, chain 2, 1tr into each of next 4 chains; rep from * to last 6 chains, skip 2 chains, 1 tr into each of next 3 chains, 2tr into last ch, turn.
Row 2: Chain 3 (count as 1 tr), 1tr into first st, 1tr into each of next 3sts, *skip 2sts, 1tr into each of next 3 sts, [1tr, 2ch, 1tr] into Chain-2 sp, 1tr into each of next 3 sts; rep from * to last 6 sts, Skip 2 sts, 1tr into each of next 3 sts, 2tr into top of tch, turn.
Rep row 2 for desired length.

Let’s have city sanctuaries instead of city farms

City farms were introduced in the 1980s so that children could see where their food came from, a friend was recently telling me as she munched on her bacon sandwich. As an Australian living in the UK, I like this view of the world as ‘other’ as something I can observe and not have it affect me as my direct experience.

“Since the early days in the 1960s and 70s there are now more than 120 city farms and school farms, nearly 1,000 community gardens and a growing number of community-managed allotments. They help to empower people of all ages and backgrounds to build better communities, often in deprived areas.”

And these farms seem to be doing their job quite well. Kids now probably realise to a great extent that to enjoy their tasty sandwiches they have to kill things, or be happy with killing things. Farms tell us that food needs to be killed. These animals are food. Farms make that point very clearly.

What if, instead of ‘animals=food’ we had animal sanctuaries in our cities? What if we protected living beings and taught children and adults that animals are there to be protected and cherished and helped, just like we should be doing with other humans too?

I completely agree with the Animal Welfare Party and their point 2.5, that City farms and sanctuaries, large animal companions, and working animals

Large animals are sometimes kept at city farms, as companion animals or working animals. City farms
should operate as animal sanctuaries, where animals are not sent to slaughterhouses.
• Allowing rescued animals to live out their lives should be the main focus of city farms, together
with education.

There is a lot more to these farms, however, which is why I think the idea of sanctuaries is not so improbable.

[More tomorrow.]

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